Ferreira is one of the top Port producers based in the Douro region of Portugal. Ferreira was founded in 1751, and gained prominence under the leadership of Dona Antonia Adelaide. Over her lifetime, she invested much of her considerable fortune in planting and improving the estate. Following her death in 1896, the business became a limited company and began a new phase building on the legacy of its Douro estates. Today, Ferreira is no longer owned by the family as it was acquired by Sogrape Vinhos in 1987.
The vineyards of Ferreira are planted throughout the Douro region, which is divided into three subregions: the Lower Corgo, the Upper Corgo and the Douro Superior. The schist soil found on the steep hills along the Douro River is essential for the character of Port wines. In the 1980’s the vineyards underwent extensive replanting and investment, with Ferreira pioneering the vertical system of planting, where vine rows are aligned uphill rather than along the contours.
Winemaker Luis Sottomayor studied in Australia and France and holds a post-graduate degree in Oenology from Escola Superior de Biotecnologia do Porto, Portugal.
Region: Douro, Portugal
Year Founded: 1751
Proprietors: Sogrape Vinhos
Winemaker: Luís Sottomayor
Size of property: 875 hectares (2162 acres)
Amount of Property Planted: 520 hectares (1285 acres)
Terroir: The vineyards of Ferreira can be found throughout the Douro region, which is divided into three sub-regions: the Lower Corgo with an Atlantic climate (an average rainfall of 900mm, or 35 inches, and an average temperature of 18°C or 64°F); the Upper Corgo with a Mediterranean climate (650mm rainfall, or 26 inches; and 20°C or 68°F average temperature); and the Douro Superior with a Continental hot and dry climate (350mm, or 14 inches, rainfall, and 22°C or 72°F average temperature). The nature of the schist soil found in the steep hills along the Douro River is critical for the character of all Port wines.
Annual Production: Approx. three million liters
Varieties Cultivated: Red: Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, Tinto Cão, Tinta amarela, Tinta Barroca and other traditional varieties of the region White: Malvasia Fina, Códega, Viosinho, Gouveio, Rabigato and other traditional varieties of the region.
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